Airline relationships with each other have gone through an extensive period of maturation during the past 40 years, most dramatically in the international arena. The industry has transitioned from a close-knit association of thinly spread operators legally coordinating commercial activities in a sanctioned cartel, self-regulating fares and service levels to provide maximum benefits for both airline and passenger-or so they claimed-to today's system of alliances battling on a global stage ...

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