New Continuous Descent Operations (CDO) developed by Lufthansa and German Air Traffic Control in Munich are proving to save around 100 liters of fuel on a long-haul flight and around 50 liters per short-haul flight in tests at Munich Airport. The CDO trials, which have been ongoing since October 2013, enable aircraft descending into Munich from the north to optimize their descent within the framework of certain altitude and speed windows. In conventional approaches, an early descent means ...

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